刊期:双月刊
主管单位:四川省科学技术协会
主办单位:四川省动物学会/成都大熊猫繁育研究基金会/四川省野生动植物保护协会/四川大学
地址:四川省成都市武侯区望江路29号四川大学生命科学学院内
邮编:610064
电话:028-85410485; 15881112385
传真:028-85410485
E-Mail:scdwzz@vip.163.com & scdwzz001@163.com
刊号:ISSN 1000-7083
        CN 51-1193/Q
国内发行代号:
国际发行代号:
发行范围:国内外公开发布
定价:50元/册
定价:300元/年

您所在位置:首页->过刊浏览->2016年第35卷第2期

环境丰容对长期单笼圈养食蟹猴行为的影响
Effects of Environmental Enrichment on the Behaviors of Long-term Individually-caged Cynomolgus Macaques
高建峰1, 滕利2, 郭铭1, 周立1, 包容1, 饶艳1, 杨四军1, 霍文哲1
点击:289次 下载:10次
DOI:
作者单位:1. 武汉大学动物实验中心, 武汉 430071;
2. 武汉市妇女儿童医疗保健中心病理科, 武汉 430016
中文关键字:丰容;食蟹猴;单笼圈养;刻板行为
英文关键字:environmental enrichment; cynomolgus macaque; individually-caged; stereotyped behavior
中文摘要:目的 观察环境丰容对长期单笼圈养食蟹猴行为学的影响。方法 30只食蟹猴(雌雄各半)随机均分为对照组(A组,n=15)和环境丰容组(B组,n=15),分别圈养在规格为0.7 m×0.8 m×0.9 m(宽×长×高)的单笼内。对照组单笼内仅设有食槽和饮水器,面向墙壁;环境丰容组置于另一个房间,单笼内除设有食槽和饮水器外,还有吊环、不锈钢球以及增加采食难度的小石块和塑料瓶,单笼对面设有镜子(猴子能看到自己和邻近的同类),同时间隔播放模拟海水声、雷鸣雨声及鸟叫声等自然音响。实验周期3个月,期间由固定观察员于上午和下午各观察记录一次食蟹猴出现的异常行为,如吸指(趾)、吮生殖器、刻板转圈、踱步、自伤、拔毛癖、嗜粪癖等。结果 随着时间的延长,2组单笼圈养食蟹猴均出现不同程度的异常行为,其中对照组的异常行为发生率明显高于环境丰容组(P<0.05)。结论 环境丰容对降低长期单笼圈养食蟹猴异常行为有显著影响。
英文摘要:Objective To evaluate the influences of environmental enrichment on the behaviors of long-term individually-caged cynomolgus macaques. Method A total of 30 cynomolgus macaques were randomly divided into two groups: control group (group A, n=15) and environmental enrichment group (group B, n=15). Cynomolgus macaques of each group were kept in the single cage (0.7 m×0.8 m×0.9 m) respectively. The cage of group A facing the wall was provided only with the feed trough and drinking fountains. In contrast, group B was provided not only with the feed trough and drinking devices, but also with swings, mirrors, stainless steel ball, and the small stones for hiding food. Natural sound of ocean, thunder, rain, and the singing of birds etc. were played by CD at the same time intervals. During the study period of 3 months, the abnormal behaviors of cynomolgus macaques were daily observed and recorded by the fixed observers at the same time. Result With the extension of experimental time, all captive cynomolgus macaques of the two groups showed abnormal behaviors in varying degrees, and that of group A was significantly higher than group B (P<0.05). Conclusion The abnormal behaviors of long-term individually-caged cynomolgus macaques were effectively reduced by environmental enrichment.
2016,(35): 243-248 收稿日期:2015-08-08
DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20150243
分类号:Q959.8
基金项目:中国博士后科学基金项目(2015M572199); 湖北省自然科学基金项目(2015CFB164, 2015CFA075); 中央高校基本科研业务费专项(2042015kf0017); 国家自然科学基金项目(81301428)
作者简介:高建峰, 讲师, 研究方向:实验动物与比较医学, E-mail:jfgao2014@whu.edu.cn
*通讯作者:霍文哲, E-mail:wenzheho@whu.edu.cn
参考文献:
孙晓梅, 李春花, 叶尤松, 等. 2008. 促进人工饲养实验猕猴心理康乐[J]. 中国比较医学杂志, 18(2): 79-82.
俞发荣, 常青云, 连秀珍, 等. 2014. 生活环境条件对中国树鼩血激素水平和心理行为的影响[J]. 中国实验动物学报, 22(3): 62-66.
Baker KC, Bloomsmith M, Neu K, et al. 2009. Positive reinforcement training moderates only high levels of abnormal behavior in singly housed rhesus macaques[J]. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 12(3): 236-252.
Bellanca RU, Crockett CM. 2002. Factors predicting increased incidence of abnormal behavior in male pigtailed macaques[J]. American Journal of Primatology, 58(2): 57-69.
Bloomsmith M, Lambeth S. 2000. Videotapes as enrichment for captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)[J]. Zoo Biology, 19(6): 541-551.
Boccia ML, Hijazi AS. 1998. A foraging task reduces agonistic and stereotypic behavior in pigtail macaques social groups[J]. Laboratory Primate Newsletter, 37(3): 1-5.
Brent L, Eichberg JW. 1991. Primate puzzleboard: a simple environmental enrichment device for captive chimpanzees[J]. Zoo Biology, 10(4): 353-360.
Brüne M, Brüne-Cohrs U, McGrew W, et al. 2006. Psychopathology in great apes: concepts, treatment options and possible homologies to human psychiatric disorders[J]. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 30(8): 1246-1259.
Chamove AS. 1989. Environmental enrichment: a review[J]. Animal Technology, 40(3): 155-178.
Clarke MR, Mayeaux DJ. 2006. Aggressive and affiliative behavior in green monkeys with differing housing complexity[J]. Aggressive Behavior, 18(3): 231-239.
Dickie L. 1998. Environmental enrichment for old world primates with reference to the primate collection at Edinburgh Zoo[J]. International Zoo Yearbook, 36(1): 131-139.
Kraemer GW, Clarke AS. 1990. The behavioral neurobiology of self-injurious behavior in rhesus monkeys[J]. The Behavioral Neurobiology of Self-injurious Behavior in Rhesus Monkeys, 14 Suppl: S141-S168.
Mallapur A, Choudhury BC. 2003. Behavioral abnormalities in captive nonhuman primates[J]. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 6(4): 275-284.
Márquez-Arias A, Santillán-Doherty AM, Arenas-Rosas RV, et al. 2010. Environmental enrichment for captive stumptail macaques (Macaca arctoides)[J]. Journal of Medical Primatology, 39(1): 32-40.
Meade TM, Hutchinson E, Krall C, et al. 2014. Use of an aquarium as a novel enrichment item for singly housed rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta)[J]. Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science, 53(5): 472-477.
Nieuwenhuijsen C, De Waal FBM. 1982. Effects of spatial crowding on social behavior in a chimpanzee colony[J]. Zoo Biology, 1(1): 5-28.
Olsson IA, Nevison C, Petterson-Kane E, et al. 2003. Understanding behavior: the relevance of ethological approaches in laboratory animal science[J]. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 81(3): 245-264.
Reinhardt V, Reinhardt A. 2000. The lower row monkey cage: an overlooked variable in biomedical research[J]. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 3(2): 141-149.
Ridley RM, Baker HF. 1982. Stereotypy in monkeys and humans[J]. Psychological Medicine, 12(1): 61-72.
Sackett GP, Novak MFSX, Kroeker R. 1999. Early experience effects on adaptive behavior: theory revisited[J]. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 5(1): 30-40.
Sommanustweechai A, Kasantikul T, Somsa W, et al. 2013. Environmental management procedures following fatal melioidosis in a captive chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes)[J]. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 44(2): 475-479.
Suleman B, Wango E, Sapolsky R, et al. 2004. Physiologic manifestations of stress from capture and restraint of free-ranging male African green monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops)[J]. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 35: 20-24.
Suzuki J, Ohkura S, Terao K. 2002. Baseline and stress levels of cortisol in conscious and unrestrained Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata)[J]. Journal of Medical Primatology, 31(6): 340-344.
Wallace EK, Kingston-Jones M, Ford M, et al. 2013. An investigation into the use of music as potential auditory enrichment for moloch gibbons (Hylobates moloch)[J]. Zoo Biology, 32(4): 423-426.
Wojciechowski S. 2004. Introducing a fourth primate species to an established mixed-species exhibit of African monkeys[J]. Zoo Biology, 23(2): 95-108.
读者评论

      读者ID: 密码:   
我要评论:
国内统一连续出版物号:51-1193/Q |国际标准出版物号:1000-7083
主管单位:四川省科学技术协会  主办单位:四川省动物学会/成都大熊猫繁育研究基金会/四川省野生动植物保护协会/四川大学
开户银行:中国工商银行四川分行营业部东大支行(工行成都东大支行营业室)  帐户名:四川省动物学会  帐号:4402 2980 0900 0012 596
版权所有©2017四川动物》编辑部 蜀ICP备08107403号-3
您是本站第5861731名访问者

川公网安备 51010702000173号