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广东省翼手目新纪录——宽耳犬吻蝠及其回声定位叫声特征
A New Record of Tadarida insignis in Guangdong Province, China and Characteristic of Its Echolocation Calls
赵娇1,2, 刘奇2, 陈毅2, 沈琪琦2, 彭兴文2, 孙云霄2, 周江1*, 张礼标2*
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DOI:
作者单位:1. 贵州师范大学生命科学学院, 贵阳 550001;
2. 广东省昆虫研究所, 广东省野生动物保护与利用公共实验室, 广州 510260
中文关键字:宽耳犬吻蝠;翼手目(蝙蝠);广东省;新纪录
英文关键字:Tadarida insignis; Chiroptera (bat); Guangdong province; new record
中文摘要:2013年6月和9月在广东省英德市郊碧落洞(24°06'56.9"N,113°21'10.0"E,海拔88 m)分别捕捉到5号和1号蝙蝠标本(均为雌性)。上述蝙蝠体型较大,前臂长60.4~63.3 mm,胫骨长18.0 mm,颅全长24.8 mm,颅基长23.9 mm;耳大,双耳前基部在额部相联,上唇肥厚且具24~26个硬瘤,尾从尾膜后缘伸出一半,毛色土褐,双色;颅骨大,腭缘缺刻深,长大于宽。经鉴定为宽耳犬吻蝠Tadarida insignis,为广东省翼手目新纪录。本文给出了宽耳犬吻蝠的外形和头骨特征,并与来自安徽、山东和日本的标本进行了对比;同时对其回声定位信号进行了分析。标本保存于广东省昆虫研究所。
英文摘要:Six female bats (Tadarida insignis) were collected from the Biluo Cave (24°06'56.9"N, 113°21'10.0"E, 88 asl.), Yingde city, Guangdong province in June and September, 2013. T. insignis was a relative large bat, with forearm length 60.4~63.3 mm, tibia length 18.0 mm, greatest length of skull 24.8 mm, condylobasal length 23.9 mm. The ears were very large and joined at their anterior bases, upper lip thickly set with horny excrescences about twenty-four to twenty-six, the terminal half tail extended beyond the membrane. The fur was drab and had two colours. The skull was large, palatal emargination deep, and the length was longer than wide. It was the first record for T. insignis in Guangdong province. In this paper, we provided the feature of morphological structure and skull of the specimens, and compared with the specimens from Anhui, Shandong and Japan. The echolocation calls of these bats were also analyzed. The specimens were kept in Guangdong Entomological Institute.
2015,(): 695-700 收稿日期:2014-11-28
DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20140535
分类号:Q959.8
基金项目:广东省昆虫研究所创新人才基金项目(GDEI-cxrc201303);广州市珠江科技新星专项(No.2011J2200027)
作者简介:赵娇,女,硕士研究生,研究方向为动物生态学,E-mail:zhaojiaohappy@yeah.net
*通讯作者:周江,E-mail:zhoujiang@126.com;张礼标,E-mail:zhanglb@gdei.gd.cn
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