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碘泡科(粘体门:粘孢子纲:双壳目)动物的系统分类学研究
Advances in Systematics of Myxobolidae (Myxozoa: Myxosporea: Bivalvulida)
张婧, 杨承忠, 赵元莙*
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作者单位:重庆师范大学生命科学学院, 重庆市动物生物学重点实验室, 重庆401331
中文关键字:粘孢子虫;碘泡科;系统分类学;方法学
英文关键字:myxosporean; Myxobolidae; systematics; methodology
中文摘要:粘孢子虫是一类拥有广泛寄主的后生动物寄生虫,主要寄生于鱼类,并可引发病害,从而受到人们广泛的关注.但其基础研究还不够深入,在分类地位和分类系统方面存在着许多争议.而碘泡科是粘孢子虫最大的一科,其在属级和种级阶元的归属问题上也一直备受争议.此类动物结构简单、种类繁多,依据传统的形态特征进行的分类并不十分准确,借助更为先进的显微技术和以及分子生物学、免疫学等方法的应用,其分类学研究取得了巨大进步.本文从碘泡科的种、属级阶元分类和方法学两个方面对国内外碘泡科物种系统分类学研究的现状进行了综述,对碘泡科各属的归类问题进行了梳理,并对一些容易混淆的种类进行了厘清,同时总结了应用于碘泡虫系统分类研究中的几种方法,以期为该科动物的系统分类和鱼类粘孢子虫病的防治提供基础资料.
英文摘要:Myxosporean is the metazoan parasite which parasites on a wide range of host, mainly on fishes. It can cause serious disease on fish and induce great economic loss in fishery. Hence, many people pay close attention to it. However, its fundamental research is not sufficient, especially its taxonomy. Myxobolidae is the largest family of myxosporean, whose taxonomy has been controversial on the level of genera and species. The classification merely based on morphological characteristics is not accurate enough to represent its real phylogeny or evolution. Thanks to the application of advanced microscopy, molecular biology, immunology, the taxonomy research on myxosporean has achieved great progress. In this study, systematic researches on Myxobolidae were summarized including the classification of Myxobolidae and the current methods for its taxonomy. Some controversial and vague issues of genera and species were solved. The study provided basic information for further study on the systematics of this animal group as well as for the prevention of myxosporidiasis.
2015,34(3): 474-480 收稿日期:2015-1-9
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-7083.2015.03.030
分类号:Q959.115
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(No.31172068, No.31471980); 重庆市科委基金项目(No.cstc2010ca1010, No.cstc2014jcyjA80014); 重庆市教育委员会科学技术研究项目(No.KJ1400502); 重庆师范大学博士启动基金项目(No.14XLB006)
作者简介:张婧(1990—),女, 硕士研究生, 研究方向为鱼类寄生虫学; 杨承忠, 男, 博士,副教授, 研究方向为分子进化与原生动物学
*通讯作者:赵元莙,E-mail:zhaoyuanjuncqnu@126.com
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