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四川小寨子沟国家级自然保护区绿尾虹雉日活动行为特征
Daily Activity Pattern of Lophophorus lhuysii During Spring and Summer in Xiaozhaizigou National Nature Reserve, Sichuan Province
陈俊橙1, 贺飞2, 彭波2, 余翔1, 3, 吴永杰1*, 冉江洪1*
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作者单位:1.四川大学生命科学学院,生物资源与生态环境教育部重点实验室,成都610065;2.四川小寨子沟国家级自然保护区管理局,四川北川622750;3.成都大熊猫繁育研究基地,成都 610081
中文关键字:绿尾虹雉;日活动;时间分配;行为节律
英文关键字:Lophophorus lhuysii; daily activity; time budget; behavior rhythmLophophorus lhuysii; daily activity; time budget; behavior rhythm
中文摘要:2017年4—8月利用瞬时扫描法和红外相机调查法对四川小寨子沟国家级自然保护区绿尾虹雉Lophophorus lhuysii的日活动行为进行了研究。研究结果表明:1)春夏季绿尾虹雉的主要活动时间用于移动(38.04%),其次是取食(33.96%),观望(17.01%),和静栖(7.05%);用于社会(2.14%)、保养(1.54%)和繁殖(0.27%)的时间较少;2)取食行为早晚都有较高频次,午后出现低谷,静栖和保养行为在午后具有明显高峰,社会行为在清晨和夜宿前达到峰值;3)静栖、社会和保养行为节律存在性别和季节差异,繁殖行为节律存在性别差异;4)与笼养种群相比,野生绿尾虹雉的取食时间占比更大、静栖占比更少,移动、社会、繁殖和观望行为节律存在差异。了解野生绿尾虹雉的行为特征是保护该物种的重要基础,同时也可为人工圈养种群的管理提供参考,保护该物种今后应重视其野外生态学研究工作。
英文摘要:During spring (April-May) and summer (June-August) in 2017, we studied the daily activities of Chinese monal Lophophorus lhuysii in Xiaozhaizigou National Nature Reserve, Sichuan Province by using instantaneous and scan sampling method with the addition of camera trapping techniques. The results indicated that: 1) Chinese monal spent more time on moving (38.04%) and feeding (33.96%), spent less time on watching (17.01%), resting (7.05%), social (2.14%), maintaining (1.54%) and breeding behaviors (0.27%). 2) Two peaks of feeding behaviors occurred at dawn and dusk separately with a low ebb occurred in the afternoon. There was a significant peak for both resting and maintaining behaviors in the afternoon while social behaviors peaked in the early morning and before roosting. 3) There were seasonal and sex differences in the rhythm of resting, social and maintaining behaviors. In addition, the rhythm of breeding behaviors had sex difference. 4) Compared with the captive populations, wild Chinese monal spent more daily time on feeding behaviors and less time on resting behaviors. The rhythm of moving, social, breading and watching behaviors also have difference in the captive and wild population. Understanding the daily activity pattern of wild Chinese monal is an important research foundation for the protection on this species, and should be considered in the management of artificial population. More behavior ecology studies of Chinese monal are needed for its conservation in the future.
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国内统一连续出版物号:51-1193/Q |国际标准出版物号:1000-7083
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